3. Podpora učencem

3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem

Učenci lahko prestajajo težka obdobja v svojem družbenem in/ali družinskem življenju oziroma doživijo negativne izkušnje v šoli, zaradi katerih skrenejo s poti. Ključnega pomena je, da se učne težave, socialne in čustvene stiske ali nezavzetost odkrijejo zgodaj, preden se začnejo kazati z odsotnostjo od pouka ali neprimernim vedenjem. Šole morajo skupaj z družino vzpostaviti sistem zgodnjega opozarjanja in spremljanja. Učinkovito prepoznavanje in spremljanje se ne sme razumeti kot birokratski in disciplinski proces, v okviru katerega se zgolj evidentirajo primeri odsotnosti ali neprimernega vedenja, temveč bolj kot podporni sistem (sistem opozarjanja). Učenci morajo vedeti, da so pomembni in da se zanje skrbi.

Pokaži več

Gradiva ( Išči po vseh virih )

Trenutno so gradiva na voljo samo v angleškem jeziku.

Ali se z intenzivnim usmerjanjem zmanjša osip?

Raziskava, izvedena na Nizozemskem, je pokazala, da se z enim letom intenzivnega usmerjanja osip verjetno zmanjša za več kot 40 % in družbi prinese čisto korist. Ciljna skupina dijakov je bila splošna populacija dijakov, ki začenjajo srednje poklicno izobraževanje. Rezultati kažejo, da se največje izboljšave dosežejo v prvem letu usmerjanja, učinki pa so največji pri dijakih, pri katerih je večja predhodna verjetnost osipa. Primeri usmerjanja so izboljšanje učnih tehnik (npr. načrtovanje in organiziranje), svetovanje v primeru osebnih težav in stik s starši. Učinkoviti so bili tako izvedeni preventivni (pred osipom) kot kurativni ukrepi (med osipniki), skupaj pa so precej znižali stopnjo osipa.

Področja: 3. Podpora učencem; 5. Sodelovanje deležnikov

Podpodročja: 3.3 Karierna orientacija in podpora; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem

Jezik: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Država: Nizozemska

Combating drop-out and early school leaving (ESL) in Serbia

UNICEF Serbia and the civil society organisation Centre for Education Policy with the support of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development Republic of Serbia  implemented the project “Combating Early School Leaving in Serbia”.

This project aimed to contribute to decreasing drop-out and early school leaving of children and adolescents through development, establishment, and implementation of the school-based model for early identification of children at risk of dropping out and intervention in situations where dropping-out is taking place.

Combating drop-out and ESL in Serbia has been recognised as a policy priority area.  The Strategy for Education Development in Serbia 2020 (SEDS 2020) calls for the provision of high-quality education for all, an increase of students’ coverage and attainment at all levels of education by maintaining the relevance of education and increasing efficiency. The Strategy implementation is primarily focused on the development of human capital in Serbia, thus underlines importance of the inclusion of pupils from vulnerable and marginalised groups (Roma and children from poor families, children with disabilities and from rural areas etc.).

Področja: 1. Šolsko upravljanje; 2. Učitelji; 3. Podpora učencem; 4. Vključenost staršev

Podpodročja: 1.1 Kultura in vzdušje v šoli; 1.2 Šolsko načrtovanje in spremljanje; 2.3 Začetno izobraževanje in stalni profesionalni razvoj učiteljev; 3.4 Izobraževalni program in učne poti; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem; 3.11 Usmerjena podpora: slabše socialno-ekonomsko ozadje; 5.1 Multidisciplinarne skupine

Jezik: EN

Država: Serbia

CroCoos (Cross-sectoral cooperation focused solutions for the prevention of early school leaving project)

The CroCooS - Prevent dropout! project was developed in the framework of the EC proposal "Implementation of the European strategic objectives in education and training" under the Lifelong Learning Programme to support innovative policy solutions to reduce and prevent early leaving from education and training (ELET). The main aim of the CroCooS project, which was implement between 2014 and 17, was to contribute to the development of an institutional early warning system (EWS) for preventing early leaving from education and training. It also tested its applicability with national pilots focusing on contextual factors affecting the evaluation.
Regional needs addressed included: sensitizing the staff of each school on the need to address the problem of dropout; actively involving teachers in monitoring students and working with them; developing better relationships between students and teachers; strengthening pupils' sense of belonging to the class and the school; developing relationships of trust by being supportive and ensuring a safe school climate.

Področja: 1. Šolsko upravljanje; 3. Podpora učencem

Podpodročja: 1.2 Šolsko načrtovanje in spremljanje; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem

Jezik: EN

Država: Madžarska; Serbia; Slovenija

Danish Production Schools

The Danish Production schools were created in the 1980s with the aim of combating youth unemployment. Production Schools offer alternative education opportunities to improve labour market integration. The fundamental aim of this type of school is to create a practical learning environment to support young people to complete and earn qualifications in general and vocational upper secondary education and/or maintain a job. The students are offered the opportunity to develop professional, social and personal skills through counselling, participation in practical work experience and production in different workshops ranging from areas such as metalwork, carpentry and textile work in theatre, media and music-based workshops. The focus is on social, personal and physical skills which are complemented by more formal knowledge and skills. Learning processes are organised through workshops and classroom teaching, but every young person is free to organise an individual course where they may challenge themselves and build their confidence.
The most significant challenge for production schools is to prepare and motivate “non-academic” students for the ordinary school system. The last legislative change in 2006focused the aims of Production Schools so that its most important task has been to build a bridge to vocational education and training through relevant practical and academic qualifications. In 2009, there were over 6,000 students in production schools. The student capacity at each school can vary from 20-25 to over 200. Generally speaking the schools are small, with half of the schools accepting fewer than 50 students. Today there are 78 Production Schools in Denmark.

Področja: 1. Šolsko upravljanje; 3. Podpora učencem

Podpodročja: 1.1 Kultura in vzdušje v šoli; 3.3 Karierna orientacija in podpora; 3.4 Izobraževalni program in učne poti; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem; 3.11 Usmerjena podpora: slabše socialno-ekonomsko ozadje

Jezik: EN

Država: Danska

ESL - monitoring and prevention solutions (Przedwczesne kończenie nauki - monitoring i przeciwdziałanie)

The project goal is to provide a comprehensive analysis of best practices for preventing ESL in partner countries in the areas: of ESL monitoring systems; and, methods of counteracting ESL and reintegrating students.

Project partners were from Poland, the UK and Italy. Outputs include a report on ESL monitoring systems, a report on prevention and reintegration methods, and a training pack.

Področja: 1. Šolsko upravljanje; 2. Učitelji; 3. Podpora učencem

Podpodročja: 1.1 Kultura in vzdušje v šoli; 1.3 Vodstvo šole; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem; 3.11 Usmerjena podpora: slabše socialno-ekonomsko ozadje

Jezik: EN

Država: Italija; Poljska; Združeno kraljestvo

Essunga Municipality Schools

Essunga, a Swedish municipality, transformed the ranking of its schools from the bottom to the top of the national school league tables between 2007 to the top in 2010. Essunga has three elementary schools and one lower secondary school (grades 6-9). With 5,500 citizens, it is one of the smallest municipalities in the country. The increase in levels of achievement is attributed to a research-based approach of inclusive education. For years, the three elementary schools in Essunga had consistently experienced low educational levels. An increasing number of students were refugees or in “family placements”. In 2007, only 76% of students were eligible for upper secondary school and 20% of these were placed in special education classes. These results compelled political and school leaders and school staff to identify targeted measures to address these challenges. The municipality focused on interventions at school and in the local community to prevent school absence and increase attendance.

Področja: 1. Šolsko upravljanje; 2. Učitelji; 3. Podpora učencem

Podpodročja: 1.1 Kultura in vzdušje v šoli; 1.3 Vodstvo šole; 2.1 Spretnosti in kompetence učiteljev; 3.5 Učenje in ocenjevanje; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem; 3.10 Usmerjena podpora: posebne izobraževalne potrebe in učne težave

Jezik: EN

Država: Švedska

Guiding cities

Guiding Cities joins policy makers and education stakeholders to map policy and guidance and create coherent policy to respond to the complex needs in the fight against ESL.

The project aimed to:
• Analyse guidance actions in 4 countries through country-based focus groups including stakeholders in education and guidance.
• Develop a Guiding Cities Model and Checklist mapping different possible actions, actors community needs relative to guidance and lifelong learning.
• Establish and manage Working Groups and a survey of best practices (involving at least 40 stakeholders).
• Publish online the GCities Model and links to resources and practices for each type of action and/or each target group. The GCities tools will be available in 6 languages (EN, ES, CAT, IT, EL, RO).
• Test the GCities Model and Checklist-benchmarking tools with at least 40 communities or organisations.
• Improve professional development of local service providers and school guidance practitioners.

Področja: 3. Podpora učencem; 5. Sodelovanje deležnikov

Podpodročja: 3.3 Karierna orientacija in podpora; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem; 5.2 Mreže deležnikov; 5.4 Partnerstva: organizacije v skupnosti in civilna družba

Jezik: EN

Država: Grčija; Italija; Romunija; Španija

IKAN Project

The IKAN project is a project where higher education students of the consortium of Antwerp University and Colleges (AUHA) voluntarily assist Newly Arrived Immigrant (including Refugee) Children with their studies in secondary education. This project aims to respond to the large increase of Newly Arrived Immigrant Children in Flemish education in recent years.

After a maximum of 1 year in reception classes (i.e. OKAN: reception classes for foreign-speaking newcomers), newly arrived immigrant students continue to regular education. This transition is often difficult. Only a small part of the foreign-speaking newcomers who started in OKAN eventually receives a secondary education diploma. With the name IKAN (referring to I Can) the project wants to emphasize that newly arrived immigrant children can have a successful education career, when provided with the right support.

Področja: 3. Podpora učencem; 5. Sodelovanje deležnikov

Podpodročja: 3.1 Dobro počutje učencev; 3.6 Razširjeno in obšolsko učenje; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem; 3.8 Usmerjena podpora: jezik; 3.9 Usmerjena podpora: migranti, Romi; 3.11 Usmerjena podpora: slabše socialno-ekonomsko ozadje; 5.1 Multidisciplinarne skupine; 5.2 Mreže deležnikov; 5.4 Partnerstva: organizacije v skupnosti in civilna družba

Jezik: EN

Država: Belgija

Inštruktorji mladih v Flandriji v Belgiji

Pri tem projektu mladi inštruirajo svoje vrstnike v sekundarnem izobraževanju, stare od 11 do 18 let, pri katerih obstaja tveganje osipa. Inštruktorji so sami zgodaj opustili šolanje in imajo podobno ozadje. So kredibilni, težave pa lahko odkrijejo zgodaj in preprečijo njihovo stopnjevanje. Ta projekt jih spodbuja in jim pomaga, da dosežejo kvalifikacijo in se pozneje tudi zaposlijo.

Področje: 3. Podpora učencem

Podpodročja: 3.2 Sodelovanje učencev v šolskem življenju; 3.3 Karierna orientacija in podpora; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem

Jezik: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Država: Belgija

J'ai ma place au collège

This project is aims to fight against school dropout by addressing risk factors including:
• behavioural problems (discipline, violence ... )
• integration problems
• learning problems
• low motivation
• low self-esteem
• a lack of ambition
It is also important the student have a positive experience of school

 This project has two components:

1.) In "volet 1" students work collaboratively on a cross thematic directly related to the project. The aim is to restore and develop the pleasure of learning through informal activities.
2.) In "Volet 2" partner institutions (management, nursing service , teachers ... ) devoted to educational activities and educational research work together to produce a toolbox on prevention of ESL which can be adapted to local context. The focus is on prevention of conflicts, fight against discrimination, peer mediation, individual tutoring, class or group projects.

https://digitaliessite.wordpress.com/category/accueil/

 

Področja: 2. Učitelji; 3. Podpora učencem; 5. Sodelovanje deležnikov

Podpodročja: 1.3 Vodstvo šole; 3.1 Dobro počutje učencev; 3.2 Sodelovanje učencev v šolskem življenju; 3.7 Spremljanje učencev s tveganjem; 3.10 Usmerjena podpora: posebne izobraževalne potrebe in učne težave; 3.11 Usmerjena podpora: slabše socialno-ekonomsko ozadje; 5.4 Partnerstva: organizacije v skupnosti in civilna družba

Jezik: EN

Država: Francija; Grčija; Italija; Poljska; Portugalska; Romunija; Španija

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