4.2. Parents' involvement in school governance
Enhancing family-school partnerships and increasing parent participation in educational decision-making can be highly effective for combatting early school leaving. Wide parental participation in decisions related to learning, as well as to the organisation of the school and its activities, promotes transparency and better adjustment to actual family needs of and creates a greater sense of shared responsibility around education. In most European countries, the role of parents within schools is recognised by law and their rights are guaranteed by regulatory provisions detailing the nature of these rights. There are procedures to ensure the rights of parents to participate in some forms of school decision-making processes, e.g. through representation of parents in school boards and councils. Parents are therefore encouraged to participate, via their elected representatives, in the different school bodies, notably school councils and class councils.