3. Support to learners

3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma

Children from disadvantaged ethnic minority backgrounds are disproportionately represented among the underperformers at school and are more at risk of early school leaving (ESL). Often, socio-cultural factors such as linguistic barriers, discrimination or (assumed) mismatches in cultural capital can also be at the root of underachievement. Children with migrant and Roma background, in particular, are often culturally marginalised within the education system. Although comparative data are scarce, the available evidence shows that learners with Roma background are more likely to leave school before finishing – or even start – upper secondary education.

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Please note that for the moment the content on the resource pages is available in English only.

Bilingual Supportive Material for Migrant Children in Europe (AVIOR)

The Erasmus+ funded AVIOR project aimed to improve the basic numeracy and literacy skills of migrant children and reduce the achievement gap between native and non-native pupils, by using bilingual materials, improving teacher professional competence and enhancing migrant parental involvement. AVIOR ran from December 2016 until August 2019.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.2. Learners' participation in school life; 3.4. Curriculum and learning paths; 3.8. Targeted support - Language; 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 4.1. Communication and information

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; GA; HR; HU; IS; IT; LT; LV; MK; MT; NL; NO; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SR; SV; TR

Country: Croatia; Estonia; Germany; Greece; Italy; Netherlands

E-COURSE project – Enhancing the participation of migrant and refugee children

The E-COURSE project aims to improve the access, participation, and learning performance of newly arrived migrants and refugee children in primary school education in Germany, Greece, Italy, France, and Cyprus and at European level to promote their overall integration into the host societies.

Areas: 2. Teachers; 3. Support to learners

Subareas: 2.1. Teacher skills and competences; 2.3. Initial Teacher Education and Continuing Professional Development of teachers; 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma

Language: EN

Country: Cyprus; France; Germany; Greece; Italy

Guide for Roma School Mediators

The 'Guide for Roma school mediators/assistants', prepared by the Council of Europe, is aimed primarily at all categories of staff from the Roma community working to improve schooling conditions for Roma children. It is intended to provide staff with wide ranging tools and practical guidelines that can be adapted to different contexts. The guide considers the profiles of school mediators and assistants and their role in facilitating relations between the school and the Roma community(ies), between teachers and other school staff and parents of Roma children. The guides content is therefore designed to help improve the work of Roma school mediators and assistants and reduce the impact of any undesirable effects by providing structured day-to-day activity and highlighting aspects of mediation that are often not used in practice.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 4.1. Communication and information

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

INCLUD-ED Book on Successful Educational Actions

This monograph analyses and describes successful educational actions with a specific focus on vulnerable groups. Concrete data that shows success in school performance is provided, as well as on children, teachers and families accounts of the impact of this success. Alongside, there is an analysis of the relationship between these childrens educational performance with their inclusion or exclusion from different areas of society. This monograph provides actions for success identified through the INCLUD-ED project, thus providing both, contrasted data and solid theoretical background and development. Some examples of these actions are interactive groups, extension of the learning time, homework clubs, tutored libraries, family and community educative participation, family education, or dialogic literary gatherings. All these actions have been defined as successful educational actions, which mean that they lead to both efficiency and equity. Finally, recommendations for policy and practice are included and discussed.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 4.2. Parents' involvement in school governance; 4.3. Spaces for parents and involvement in educational activities

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

INCLUD-ED Interactive Groups

Interactive Groups is one of the Successful Educational Actions (SEAs) identified in the research project INCLUD-ED. INCLUD-ED analysed educational strategies that contribute to overcoming inequalities and promote social cohesion, and those generating social exclusion, particularly focusing on vulnerable and marginalised groups. Interactive Groups are used to improve the education of children and youth in different contexts. They consist of grouping students in a class into small heterogeneous groups, each of them supported by an adult. Each of these groups is organised around four or five students, in a heterogeneous way regarding ability level, gender, culture, language and ethnicity. This example provides an understanding of IG and the results of their practice.

Areas: 2. Teachers; 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 2.1. Teacher skills and competences; 3.5. Learning and assessment; 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 4.3. Spaces for parents and involvement in educational activities

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

INCLUDE-ED Dialogic Literary Gatherings

Dialogic Literary Gatherings (DLG) is one of the Successful Educational Actions (SEAs) identified in the research project INCLUD-ED. DLG are used to improve education of children and youth in different contexts around the world. DLG is a dialogic reading activity based on two principles: reading a classical literature book (as Romeo and Juliet, the Odyssey, Don Quixote) and then sharing meanings, interpretations and reflections with the dialogic learning methodology. It can involve children and their family members. This example provides an understanding of DLG and the results of their practice.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 4.3. Spaces for parents and involvement in educational activities; 4.4. Family learning

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

Inclusive Schools action plan – InScool

The InScool methodology is designed to flexibly guide schools through the start of a journey towards inclusion, improving personal and academic outcomes for all children and young people by focusing on their access to – and participation in – quality, relevant education.

Areas: 1. School governance; 3. Support to learners

Subareas: 1.1. School culture and climate; 3.8. Targeted support - Language; 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 3.11. Targeted support - disadvantaged socio-economic background

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; GA; HR; HU; IS; IT; LT; LV; MK; MT; NL; NO; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SR; SV; TR

Country: Belgium; Greece; Poland; Spain; United Kingdom

Local Engagement for Roma Inclusion (LERI) - Multi-Annual Roma Programme

LERI is a qualitative action research project under FRA’s multi-annual Roma Programme. It was developed in response to the European Commission’s Communication on an EU Framework for National Roma integration strategies up to 2020. LERI brings together local authorities and residents, in particular Roma, to investigate how they can best be involved in Roma integration actions, and identify which aspects of these actions work, which do not, and why. The aim of the project is to facilitate the engagement of all local stakeholders, including Roma, in joint efforts to enable Roma inclusion. The experience gained and the lessons learned during the process will help improve the design, implementation and monitoring of Roma integration policies and actions at the local level.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 5. Stakeholders involvement

Subareas: 3.1. Well-being of learners; 3.2. Learners' participation in school life; 3.3. Career guidance and support; 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 5.4. Partnerships: Community organisations and civic society

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Greece; Hungary; Italy; Romania; Slovakia; United Kingdom

Multi-Interdisciplinary teams for early school leaving prevention

This paper seeks to examine evidence regarding the potential for multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary teams to play a key role in the prevention of early school leaving. As part of developing a strategy for such multi/interdisciplinary teams, an important focus is on necessary and supportive conditions for their effectiveness, rather than a deterministic assumption of their inevitable effectiveness. The report highlights the need to provide strong strategic guidance to the teams on important issues to be engaged in by the teams such as mental health support, alternatives to suspension, marginalized families outreach, teacher conflict resolution and diversity training skills, bullying prevention skills, positive school climate promotion, engagement with parenting skills and a focus on children?s language development etc.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 5. Stakeholders involvement

Subareas: 3.1. Well-being of learners; 3.3. Career guidance and support; 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 5.1. Multidisciplinary teams

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

Rescur Surfing the Waves – Resilience Curriculum

Rescur Surfing the Waves was a three-year Lifelong Learning Programme Comenius project that developed a resilience curriculum for early and primary education in Europe through intercultural and transnational collaboration.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.1. Well-being of learners; 3.2. Learners' participation in school life; 3.4. Curriculum and learning paths; 3.5. Learning and assessment; 3.7. Monitoring learners at risk; 3.8. Targeted support - Language; 3.9. Refugees, Migrants and Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 3.11. Targeted support - disadvantaged socio-economic background; 4.1. Communication and information; 4.4. Family learning

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; GA; HR; HU; IS; IT; LT; LV; MK; MT; NL; NO; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SR; SV; TR

Country: Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Ireland; Italy; Lithuania; Malta; Portugal; Sweden; Turkey

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