3. Support to learners

3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma

Children from disadvantaged ethnic minority backgrounds are disproportionately represented among the underperformers at school and are more at risk of early school leaving (ESL). Often, socio-cultural factors such as linguistic barriers, discrimination or (assumed) mismatches in cultural capital can also be at the root of underachievement. Children with migrant and Roma background, in particular, are often culturally marginalised within the education system. Although comparative data are scarce, the available evidence shows that learners with Roma background are more likely to leave school before finishing – or even start – upper secondary education.

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Please note that for the moment the content on the resource pages is available in English only.

Choose Well - Help kids decide on their future

Making good choices regarding school subjects increases the chances of future success for students. This project involves parents and students in the process of making well-considered decisions about school subjects. It provides information on the Flemish education system.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement; 5. Stakeholders involvement

Subareas: 3.2. Learners' participation in school life; 3.3. Career guidance and support; 3.4. Curriculum and learning paths; 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 4.1. Communication and information; 4.3. Spaces for parents and involvement in educational activities; 5.4. Partnerships: Community organisations and civic society

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Belgium

Free Year for Newly Arrived Migrants

Instruction programme which prepares for basic education is intended for those pupils of immigrant background whose Finnish or Swedish language skills and/or other abilities are not sufficient to study in a pre-primary or basic education group. The objective is to support the pupils? balanced development and integration into Finnish society and to give them the necessary skills to enable them to attend basic education. Where appropriate, the programme includes opportunities to study other subjects, but with a focus on learning Finnish and Swedish language skills. This education takes into consideration the fact that pupils are different in terms of age, learning capabilities and background.

Area: 3. Support to learners

Subareas: 3.8. Targeted support - Language; 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Finland

Guide for Roma School Mediators

The 'Guide for Roma school mediators/assistants', prepared by the Council of Europe, is aimed primarily at all categories of staff from the Roma community working to improve schooling conditions for Roma children. It is intended to provide staff with wide ranging tools and practical guidelines that can be adapted to different contexts. The guide considers the profiles of school mediators and assistants and their role in facilitating relations between the school and the Roma community(ies), between teachers and other school staff and parents of Roma children. The guide?s content is therefore designed to help improve the work of Roma school mediators and assistants and reduce the impact of any undesirable effects by providing structured day-to-day activity and highlighting aspects of mediation that are often not used in practice.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 4.1. Communication and information

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

Guide for working with Roma families

The 'Guide for working with Roma Families towards achieving the success of their children at school', developed in the context of the Lifelong Learning Programme project "Roma Families Get Involved", is available in English as well as in the languages of the countries taking part in the project (Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Spain). The Guide aims to provide guidance for professionals working on the ground to involve Roma families in the educational processes of their children. It presents a methodological tool for the intervention with Roma families in the school setting and proposes actions to overcome common obstacles, examples of good practices, warnings and things to avoid. It also explores the profile and competences for professionals working in the field.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 4.1. Communication and information

Language: BG; CZ; DA; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Bulgaria; Hungary; Romania; Spain

IKAN Project

The IKAN project is a project where higher education students of the consortium of Antwerp University and Colleges (AUHA) voluntarily assist Newly Arrived Immigrant (including Refugee) Children with their studies in secondary education. This project aims to respond to the large increase of Newly Arrived Immigrant Children in Flemish education in recent years.

After a maximum of 1 year in reception classes (i.e. OKAN: reception classes for foreign-speaking newcomers), newly arrived immigrant students continue to regular education. This transition is often difficult. Only a small part of the foreign-speaking newcomers who started in OKAN eventually receives a secondary education diploma. With the name IKAN (referring to I Can) the project wants to emphasize that newly arrived immigrant children can have a successful education career, when provided with the right support.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 5. Stakeholders involvement

Subareas: 3.1. Well-being of learners; 3.6. Extended and extra-curricular learning; 3.7. Monitoring learners at risk; 3.8. Targeted support - Language; 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 3.11. Targeted support - disadvantaged socio-economic background; 5.1. Multidisciplinary teams; 5.2. Stakeholders' networks; 5.4. Partnerships: Community organisations and civic society

Language: EN

Country: Belgium

INCLUD-ED Book on Successful Educational Actions

This monograph analyses and describes successful educational actions with a specific focus on vulnerable groups. Concrete data that shows success in school performance is provided, as well as on children, teachers and families accounts of the impact of this success. Alongside, there is an analysis of the relationship between these children?s educational performance with their inclusion or exclusion from different areas of society. This monograph provides actions for success identified through the INCLUD-ED project, thus providing both, contrasted data and solid theoretical background and development. Some examples of these actions are interactive groups, extension of the learning time, homework clubs, tutored libraries, family and community educative participation, family education, or dialogic literary gatherings. All these actions have been defined as successful educational actions, which mean that they lead to both efficiency and equity. Finally, recommendations for policy and practice are included and discussed.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 4.2. Parents' involvement in school governance; 4.3. Spaces for parents and involvement in educational activities

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

INCLUD-ED Interactive Groups

Interactive Groups is one of the Successful Educational Actions (SEAs) identified in the research project INCLUD-ED. INCLUD-ED analysed educational strategies that contribute to overcoming inequalities and promote social cohesion, and those generating social exclusion, particularly focusing on vulnerable and marginalised groups. Interactive Groups are used to improve the education of children and youth in different contexts. They consist of grouping students in a class into small heterogeneous groups, each of them supported by an adult. Each of these groups is organised around four or five students, in a heterogeneous way regarding ability level, gender, culture, language and ethnicity. This example provides an understanding of IG and the results of their practice.

Areas: 2. Teachers; 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 2.1. Teacher skills and competences; 3.5. Learning and assessment; 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 4.3. Spaces for parents and involvement in educational activities

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

INCLUDE-ED Dialogic Literary Gatherings

Dialogic Literary Gatherings (DLG) is one of the Successful Educational Actions (SEAs) identified in the research project INCLUD-ED. DLG are used to improve education of children and youth in different contexts around the world. DLG is a dialogic reading activity based on two principles: reading a classical literature book (as Romeo and Juliet, the Odyssey, Don Quixote) and then sharing meanings, interpretations and reflections with the dialogic learning methodology. It can involve children and their family members. This example provides an understanding of DLG and the results of their practice.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 4.3. Spaces for parents and involvement in educational activities; 4.4. Family learning

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Turkey; United Kingdom

IndY (Individualized Learning at the school centre Ybbs)

In the school year 2015/16 the Schulzentrum Ybbs (a school center consisting of three vocational upper secondary schools) introduced a concept called IndY, which involves that 20% of the teaching time is intended for individualized learning. IndY aims at improving students’ expertise, motivation, self-responsibility, self-management, collaborative skills, emotional intelligence and learning methods.

Areas: 1. School governance; 2. Teachers; 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement; 5. Stakeholders involvement

Subareas: 1.1. School culture and climate; 1.2. School planning and monitoring; 1.3. School management; 2.1. Teacher skills and competences; 2.2. Teachers and their relationships with pupils and parents; 3.1. Well-being of learners; 3.2. Learners' participation in school life; 3.4. Curriculum and learning paths; 3.5. Learning and assessment; 3.6. Extended and extra-curricular learning; 3.8. Targeted support - Language; 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 3.10. Targeted support - special educational needs and learning difficulties; 3.11. Targeted support - disadvantaged socio-economic background; 4.1. Communication and information; 5.2. Stakeholders' networks

Language: EN

Country: Austria

LIT3 - Literacy cubed - Focus on Roma Families

LIT3 aims to promote family literacy (reading and health literacy) in Roma communities as a tool for raising the attainment level of Roma children in general education. To this end the project is developing and field testing a coherent family literacy programme targeting 3 generations; developing an evidence-based European policy for family literacy and engaging key stakeholders in developing local strategies for implementing family literacy policy and programmes. Samples of curricula and learning materials are available.

Areas: 3. Support to learners; 4. Parental involvement

Subareas: 3.9. Targeted support: Migrants, Roma; 4.4. Family learning

Language: BG; CZ; DA; DE; EL; EN; ES; ET; FI; FR; HR; HU; IT; LT; LV; MT; NL; PL; PT; RO; SK; SL; SV

Country: Romania; Slovakia; United Kingdom

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