4. Parental involvement
Parents and families have the most direct and lasting impact on children’s learning and development. As the first educators of their children, they play a crucial role in their children's educational journey. A stimulating home environment that encourages learning as well as parental engagement in in-school activities are crucial for a child’s cognitive, social and emotional development. Playing with children or reading to them in their early years, helping with homework or discussing school life at home, taking part in parent-teacher meetings and other school activities will have positive and lasting effects on children's motivation to learn, their attention, behaviour and academic achievements. Parents' educational expectations for their children will also play a crucial role in shaping their children's learning. Building family-school partnerships and engaging parents as learning partners from the early years is therefore essential to improving children’s and young people’s development.